"He is the only enemy I know that I have" said Janet Frame of fellow New Zealand author CK Stead, in 1970, in a letter to her American friend Bill Brown.
Within the next ten years Frame was to become aware of one other person who might qualify as an 'enemy': this time, it was also a middle class white New Zealand male university teacher: the academic Patrick Evans, who has notoriously busied himself for decades attempting to entrap Frame within her fiction, which he has in any case declared unreadable except for 'experts' like himself who make a career of it.
Both these two elderly white male New Zealand English literature professors have been very influential in their teaching and critical careers, in fostering within NZ anyway, a patronising attitude towards Frame and her work (neither seems able to separate the two).
The first elderly white male Professor, CK Stead, was on a panel in Frankfurt yesterday, at the New Zealand Pavilion, discussing Janet Frame among other "Iconic New Zealand Writers".
Stead's companions on the panel were two fellow Kiwi authors, both women: Emily Perkins (in the news this year for an embarrassing prediction that her latest novel might be Booker-worthy) and Kate de Goldi (a children's writer), so you might think there was a fair balance, concerning Frame anyway.
But, Perkins and de Goldi are both (for their own reasons no doubt) fervent promoters of the Patrick Evans agenda. I have heard them both gush about the fan fiction novel he wrote about Frame (using her real name) a couple of years ago. (I use the word 'gush' because for me that conveys their obvious ignorance of the back story to the novel; they seem to truly believe it's a 'loving' portrait of 'Janet' rather than the stitch-up job it really is.)
Stead also wrote a novel fictionalising Frame - but he at least employed a pseudonym for his demeaning caricature of her, and had the honesty to admit his sniggering portrait was an act of revenge for an offence he believed Frame herself to have committed against him. Stead's vendetta novel is notable for its dark energy; it's probably his best. He has a reputation for his amusingly iconoclastic literary criticisms. "I don't do reverence" is his mantra, and he justifies his excoriations by claiming to an 'objectivity' that apparently evades lesser minds than his. His antics are all quite fun unless of course one becomes his target, then one feels the emotional force behind his "objectivity".
The Evans novel by contrast is "turgid" (a word the late Christine Cole-Catley employed in an email to me, describing her distaste for the writing style and the content). He changes basic facts of Frame's life, removes her friends and family, portrays her as dishonest, and distorts or obliterates significant events, while still preserving her real name as if it were a "historical" novel. Evans and his flunkies have made extravagant claims that his novel offers 'insights' into Frame that the mere truth is not capable of presenting. In my opinion all that we learn from his novel is about Evans's own failure as a biographer and his flaws as a literary critic: he has had to invent the biographical justifications for his flaccid theories about Frame, because the facts of her life and work did not support his fantasies.
Why two modern successful women such as Perkins and de Goldi - who have both benefited from the pioneering courage of predecessors such as Frame - should back up such an act of aggression and appropriation against Frame's autonomy and her moral right not to be misrepresented within ten years of her death, I will never comprehend.
I just find it sad that these three were the people chosen to talk about Frame for an international audience. Where's the objectivity?
Just because an 'expert' tells you they are a 'friend' or a 'fan' of Janet Frame, doesn't make it so. And just because they claim to be "objective" doesn't make it so, either.
CK Stead has publicly claimed that "Janet wouldn't mind". I can tell you, that despite her dignified silence, Janet did mind. And she would mind.
A snippet from Janet Frame's 1970 letter describing CK Stead's enmity and the reason for it.